Irregular periods: what you need to know?

An irregular menstrual cycle is more common than you think. Several factors can delay menstruation.

Irregular periods: what you need to know?

Last update : April 01, 2022

Many women have irregular periods. Concern about irregular periods can be better managed if they are reported. That is why we invite you to discover some curiosities about irregular periods. So keep reading!

Periods are part of a cycle.

Throughout the month different events take place in the female body. It is also worth knowing the changes that occur before and after menstruation.

  1. The menstrual cycle lasts 28 days during which the eggs mature in the ovaries.
  2. On day 5, about twenty ovules accumulate in the ovarian follicles, sacs filled with fluid.
  3. About ten days later, one of these eggs matures and comes out to be fertilized. The rest is reabsorbed by the body.
  4. If the egg is not fertilized, it disintegrates, dies and is expelled, causing bleeding.

This happens in all women of childbearing age. What changes is the number of days.

If you have a regular menstrual cycle, the interval between periods is fairly constant (around 28 days). On the other hand, if the cycle is irregular, it varies from month to month depending on the maturity of the egg. For example, the bleeding may appear 20 or 30 days after the previous one.

The importance of lifestyle

External factors can modify the rules. Among these factors are the following:

  • Eating disorders (bulimia and anorexia)
  • stress and anxiety
  • Personal and emotional problems.
  • hormonal imbalances
  • Travel and changes of habits
  • intense physical exercise
  • Problems in the sexual organs (for example, polycystic ovaries)
  • milk feeding
  • approaching menopause

Irregular periods and fertility.

according to one study from Emory University (USA), the most fertile women are those with a cycle of 28 to 31 days and whose menstruation lasts 5 days.

Conversely, menstrual irregularity may be synonymous with an ovulation disorder and associated with female infertility. This disorder decreases the chance of getting pregnant.

For women who want to have a child and whose periods are irregular, doctors recommend having sex every other day. This increases the chances of achieving the goal. Of course, it is also necessary to lead a healthy lifestyle and reduce the factors that affect the regularity of menstruation.

PMS and irregular periods

You should keep a menstrual diary in which you write down the start date and the end date of your period. This will allow you to get an accurate idea of ​​the length of your cycles.

The main symptoms of the proximity of menstruation are:

  • Back pain
  • swollen or hard breasts
  • breast discomfort
  • Headache
  • Sleep disorders
  • Tired
  • Increased acne on the face.
  • abdominal swelling
  • increased hunger
  • emotional ups and downs
  • Sensitivity

The combination of these symptoms is called premenstrual syndrome and varies from woman to woman. Observing these physical signs can help us predict when your period will arrive.

There are mobile applications that, by the way, predict the arrival date. These apps can help you better understand the rules.

Consult a gynecologist if you have doubts.

While it is true that the irregularities are not necessarily pathological, they must see a doctor if you haven’t had your period for more than a month and a halfand if you are sure you are not pregnant. The pathological conditions that can cause this irregularity are varied:

  • infections
  • ovarian cysts
  • Myomas or fibromyomas
  • polyps

Keep in mind that some symptoms, such as excessive pain and heavy bleeding, may also be symptoms of a medical condition. If these symptoms appear, make an appointment with a gynecologist.

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